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ԱՅԼԸՆՏՐԱՆՔ գիտական հանդես 2013 #5

կազմANNOTATIONS OF ARTICLES

Tatoul Manasserian

CUSTOMS UNION AND ARMENIA: EXPECTATIONS AND CHALLENGES

As the history of the Customs union totals only 2 years, Armenia, proceeding from economic interests, it can appear in a number of those who shapes and initiates the union, as active participation in integration as the co-founder is much more preferential, than a reflection on requirements of already generated union. On the other hand, process of eurointegration not only does not contradict interests of the Customs union, but also to the contrary, presumes to realize better competitive advantages of the countries, including, within the limits of EU, and to strengthen positions on international scene. From EU and we consider strengthening of economic and political attitudes the countries-members possible from the point of view of realization of not used potential. It is necessary to pay attention also to a difference in political and economic conditions of the developed and developing countries, that not only allows the last to realize the competitive advantages on foreign markets, but also to compete favorably with it is artificial undercharges of the subsidized goods which has acted from abroad and services. Consequently, it is necessary to pay attention to those factors which define a role of the postSoviet countries in economic – in changeable conditions of international trade and which became actual in business of formation of a new economic formation.

Ջոն Ուոլշ

ՄՐՑԱԿՑՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՔԱՂԱՔԱԿԱՆ, ՏՆՏԵՍԱԿԱՆ, ԻՐԱՎԱԿԱՆ ԵՎ ՄՇԱԿՈՒԹԱՅԻՆ ՀԻՄՔԵՐԸ

Հոդվածում քննարկվում են խնդիրներ, որոնք առնչվում են մրցակցու-թյան քաղաքական, տնտեսական, իրավական և մշակութային առանձնահատկություններին: Որոշ երկրներում տնտեսվարող սուμյեկտները անհավասար պայմաններով են մրցակցում անգամ այն μանից հետո, երμ երկիրը անդամակցում է ԱՀԿ-ը, որի պահանջների թվում են առողջ մրցակցության համար անհրաժեշտ պայմանների ապահովումը և պետական հովանավորչության որևէ դրսևորումը, այդ թվում` այսպես կոչված հովանավորների առկայությունը: Անարդար մրցակցության հետևանքով հարկվող տնտեսության համեմատ ստվերային տնտեսության արագընթաց զարգացմանը նպաստող խոշոր ընկերությունները ժամանակի ընթացքում կուլ են տալիս մանր ու միջին ձեռներեցներին: Արդյունքում սպառում ենք ոչ միայն ստվերային ծագում ունեցող, այլև կասկածելի որակի և մարդու առողջությանը սպառնացող սննդամթերքներ: Տնտեսական մրցակցության ներկա վիճակը տագնապալի է ոչ միայն տնտեսության գրեթե μոլոր ճյուղերում, այլև երկրի պաշտպանու-նակության ապահովման համար անհրաժեշտ ապրանքների և ծառայությունների մատակարարման ոլորտում:

Ernest Grigoryan

EXAMPLE OF INVERSION OF NORMS – COOPERATIVENESS AND RATIONALITY IN «CHOICE OF THE PRISONER»

Let’s examine one vivid example of inversion of norms, to be exact their is going-th distortion which, however, shapes scientifically-economic and about space of many modern countries. Together with mathematical формализмами in scientific thinking get also false идеологемы which then start to influence вос-acceptance of a social reality. Quite often sociologist, under воздейст-вием authority of mathematics does not give itself work отрефлексировать all the implicit preconditions which are providing the foundation for mathematical model from action and as a result receives the deformed picture реаль-ности. We shall show, how similar deformation was carried out through mathematical theory of games widely applied in social sciences. The mathematical theory of games forms a model basis of many from the theories assisted экономизации совре-менного of public thinking. The generalized form of this математи-ческой games is often used in experimental economy. One of preconditions of this theory of games is the assumption about competitive, sometimes hostile and always egoistical character socially-экономи-ческих interactions. The wide circulation of this theory on many social areas has brought to existance some paradoxes which did not manage to be resolved in logic of this theory. One of them – widely known « a dilemma of the prisoner.

Razmik Isahakyan

MASS MIGRATION AS AN OBVIOUS LOSS OF HUMAN CAPITAL

As a result of tough historical and global developments Republic of Armenia has inherited only 30 sq. km territory, where the natural and material resources are scarce and limited. Regardless numerous hardships, Armenia is considered to be one of the rare countries of ancient civilizations with advanced science due to the existence of well developed human capital. In turn, it is also the result of the great heritage from the strong soviet system of education, which allowed to keeping and enriching the education, particularly, higher education with the help of genetic need of population to get proper education and strong devotion even during the difficulties associated with the transition period and its hard social, economic and moral conditions. Aside from the state owned higher educational instituthigher educational institutions, tens of new universities were established and even with all shortcomings, greatly and positively impacted on educational – human educational capital growth. This is also proven by the data aquired through the survey and research conducted in 2007-2008 in 6129 households from all marzes of the Republic of Armenia.

Gayane Dadayan

SPECIFIC CONDITIONS AND PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE REDUCTION OF COUNTRY RISKS IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES

During the present conditions of international economy globalization and international financial crisis the role and impact of country risks and its use in country economic development program is very important. Particularly it is a topical problem for transition economies with numerous reforms that are a direct source of risks. Transition economies especially require good and stable ratings from international rating organizations to attract foreign capital for reviving the economy and completion of transition process. The article presents a detailed analysis of country risks for transition economies, identify their common characteristics and problems.

Yuri Martirosyan

INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF TRANSFORMING THE SYSTEMS OF PUBLIC MANAGEMENT

This article conveys analysis of issues related to the changes of public management and public administration while making transition from planned economy to a free market. The role of government is given special emphasis given the various risks that are associated with economic and political reforms. Municipal government is well familiar with the social, economic, cultural and other needs of communities and is therefore more capable to resolve them considering local conditions and overall requirements related to principles of democratic governance. Therefore, success stories and latest achievements in changes of public administration and municipal management is considered and analyzed in current article. Particularly, special enunciation is given to the history of forming the foundations of municipal governance in the United States, Italy, Switzerland and other countries.

Narine Davtyan

PROSPECTS FOR REGULATING AND MANAGING CULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

This article examines contemporary issues related to the management of culture in Armenia. In particular, cultural values are viewed as an important part of national competitive advantages. Therefore, there is a need to properly present and promote the “product” from different fields of culture both in Armenia and abroad. This is even more important considering the challenges of globalization for the small nations. The role of Diaspora is being emphasized to assist the process of internationalization of Armenian culture worldwide. Finally, the importance of improving the legislative grounds of managing the culture is justified.

2013.5

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